106-ID (1/422), Schlausenbach, December 1944

Operations : 1st Bn, 422nd Infantry Regiment
106th Infantry Division – In the Vicinity of Schlausenbach (GER)
December 10 to December 19 1944

During the period from Sep 1944 to Dec 1944 many changes in the disposition of the troops along the front were made in preparation for continuing the advance to the east. By Dec 9, VIII Corps, First Army had taken over the positions of V Corps along the Schnee Eifel with the mission of conducting an aggressive defense and be prepared to advance on Cologne on order. This was a sector extending from Monschau (Germany), on the extreme north to a point where the Moselle River crosses the Franco-German boundary at the northeast corner of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. This sector comprised a front of approximately 100 miles. Since there had been very little enemy activity, either than minor patrols, and it was known that the Germans were using this sector for indoctrinating green troops to the sounds of battle, it was dubbed the quiet sector. This sector was defended by a Task Force and three infantry divisions abreast. The 2nd Infantry Division on the north occupied a salient in the Siegfried Line along the high wooded Schnee Eifel Ridge. Task Force X was attached to the 2nd Division and occupied a five miles front north of the Schnee Eifel positions and maintained contact with the 99th Infantry Division of V Corps on its left. The 28th Infantry Division defended the center section along the Our River on the right of the 2nd Infantry Division and the 83rd Infantry Division defended the southern part of the sector along the Our River to its confluence with the Moselle River and thence up the Moselle to the boundary between VIII and XX Corps of the Third US Army. The 9th Armored Division, with no combat experience, was in Corps reserve and was rotating its infantry units in division front lines to gain combat experience.

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7-AD (Actions in Germany), 1-16 Dec 1944

464-ORD-9A-Geilenkirchen-Dec-1944

Subject : After Action Report, 7th Armored Division
Period 1-16 December, 1944
To : Adjutant General, Washington, 25, DC (Thru Channels)

Situation

After nearly a month of rest, training, and maintenance, the 7th Armored Division was in position astride the Holland – German – Belgian borders in the general vicinity of Heerlen-NL to Geilenkirchen-GER, preparatory to participating in the 9th Army’s drive deeper into Germany. The division itself remained in the XIII Corps reserve although component units were committed under attachment to other divisions. During the first half of the month, the division moved East of the Wurm River and prepared to attack to the East, Northeast, or North. Extensive plans were formulated for the seizure of Brachelen-GER, but all operations beyond the Roer River, were dependent upon the seizure or destruction of the Roer River Dams, South of Düren-GER. In German hands, these dams could be used to flood the entire Roer River Valley, and cut off or destroy any forces therein. Unsuccessful attempts to destroy these dams by aerial bombardment were made each day that the weather permitted, starting on December 3 1944. The combat forces of the division were in Germany awaiting destruction of the dams when, on December 16, the entire division was alerted to move into the area of the VIII Corps of the 1st Army. Early in the morning of December 17, the first elements of the division began the move southward. Upon arrival in the new area, CCB-7AD, established a defensive line to the East of St Vith-BE. CCA-7AD, and, CCR-7AD took up positions in the vicinity of Beho-BE and South of Recht-BE, respectively. Little definite information was obtainable about the situation and the movement forward was delayed by the traffic of retreating troops that jammed the roads.

WLA-Palenburg-Oct1944

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