77th Armored Medical Battalion (AAR) 09/44-05/45

Medics-44/45-US-03

77th Medical Battalion Armored
Subject : Unit History
To : Commanding General, 7th Armored Division

September 1944

(Sept 1) found us still bivouacked two miles south of Fismes, France, where we had been since Aug 29. Up to this time the battalion had been most fortunate regarding the number of casualties suffered by our own men and although many of our collecting sections had been under fire upon several occasions, our only casualty due to wounds to this date was still one, T/5 Lukowicz of A Co who was wounded the latter part of Aug. We remained in this present area until Sept 2, at which time we moved 84 miles to an area 1/2 mile north of Blercourt, France, which is located 8 miles West of Verdun, France.

(Sept 5) Lt Schini, our one surplus M.A.C. was transferred to the 17th Tank Battalion as Battalion Surgeon Assistant. The division was given a rest period for the majority of our stay in the area at Blercourt and motor maintenance plus care of personal equipment was stressed.

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2-AD, Huy – Celles (12/44)

BOB-00004

Operation, 2AD, Ardenne Offensive
– a Movement Dec 21 Roer River (GER)/Eastern Belgium
– b Battle of Humain and the Celles’ Pocket
– c Drive on Houffalize, 1A and 3A connection
Howard N. Bressler, Captain, Cavalry

The beginning of the Ardennes offensive on December 16 1944 found the 2nd Armored Division in defensive positions along the Roer River in the vicinity of Jülich – Düren. On December 20, the entire division had been relieved of responsibility for the Roer River defensive line by the 29th Infantry Division. By order of the Commanding General, Ninth Army (9A), the Division reverted to Army reserve where it could be readily available to oppose possible enemy attack in that area.

German captives walk past a disabled tank as they are led into captivity by U.S. troops, on January 25, 1945, north of Foy, Belgium, in the final days of the Battle of the Bulge. (AP Photo)

German captives walk past a disabled tank as they are led into captivity by US troops, on January 25, 1945, north of Foy, Belgium, in the final days of the Battle of the Bulge. (NARA – US Army – EUCMH, Illustration

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2-AD, Havelange – Fisenne, Dec 1944

Two Sherman M-4A1 of the 2nd Armored Division, July 26 1944, St Jean de Daye, France (US Army)

When the German offensive struck the Ardennes on December 16, 1944, the 2nd Armored Division was 70 miles away to the north near Baesweiller, Germany, as part of the Ninth Army. It had engaged in several weeks of heavy offensive fighting to reach the Roer River. Then, during the four weeks prior to Dec 16, the division had a dual mission. It held a defensive sector of the XIX Corps sector with a small force while the remainder of the command was held in Corps reserve. During this month of reserve status, 17 replacement officers and 464 enlisted men were integrated into the fighting teams. All units had conducted maintenance and training along with rest and rehabilitation. Current thought among commanders had resulted in the reorganization of one regiment (86th Armored) on Dec 15. This regiment kept the three battalion organization but made one into a reconnaissance and security battalion composed of a reconnaissance company and a light tank company. The two assault battalions each contained one light tank company and three medium tank companies. The organization of the 67th Armored Regiment remained unchanged with its light tank battalion and two medium tank battalions. Thus the status of the division is viewed as the German attack began.

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