Operations of the 1st Bn, 358th Infantry, 90th Infantry Division
At Fort Koenigsmacker, North of Thionville, France
9 – 11 November 1944
(Personal Experience of a Heavy Weapons Company Executive Officer)
Capt Harry W. Barnes
This report covers the operations of the 1st Battalion, 358th Infantry, 90th US Division in the assault and capture of Fort Koenigsmacker, one of the forts of the outer defenses of Metz, north of Thionville, France. The battalion was commanded by Lt Col C. A. Lytle.
Headquarters 90th Infantry Division
After Action Report
As of June 1 1944, the 90-ID was disposed in marshaling areas as follows : the main body of the Division was stationed in the XXIX District, Western Base Section, located generally north and east of the cities of Cardiff and Newport, Wales. The Division’s residual elements were located at Bournemouth, England while Group A (composed of foot elements of the 1st and 3rd battalions 359-IR and 40 vehicles) was located at Camp Syon Abbey in Devonshire, England, and attached to the 4-ID. The 358-IR was stationed at Camp Llangattock, Wales; the RCT 9 (-) and the 90-Rcn Troop at Camp Court-Y-Gollen, Wales; the RCT 7, 344-FAB, B Co 315-MB, B Co 315-ECB at Camp Chepstow, Wales; and Division Headquarters, Division Artillery Headquarters, 345-FAB, Special Troops at Heath Camp, Cardiff, Wales; and 315-ECB and 315-MB (less 3 Companies) also at Heath Camp. The Division had completed its preparation for overseas movement to the coast of France and was in the midst of loading vehicles aboard motor transport ships.
XIX TAC – 12000 Sorties 1944 12.000 Fighter and Bomber Sorties, XIX Tactical Air Command’s First Month of Operations in Support of the US Third Army in France.
Notes on Organization, Tactics, and Technique
Missions of the XIX Tactical Air Command
The Background, In Brief
Air Operations Day by Day
Five Accompanying Maps
Annex : Map Showing Location of Units
Lt Gen George S. Patton Jr, US Third Army, Brig Gen C. P. Wetland, Commanding XIX Tactical Air Command
The Battle of the Bulge which started on December 16 1944 at 0530, was terminated on January 16 1945 when the 1-A and the 3-A met at Houffalize, Belgium. This is an account of the initial contact established between the two armies.
Department of the US Armor School – Fort Benning, Georgia
Monograph, Battle Action Report, Maj Michael J. L. Greene
This dug-in mortar emplacement near St Vith, Belgium is manned by, left to right, Pvt R. W. Fierde, Wyahoga Falls, Ohio; S/Sgt Adam J. Celinca, Windsor, Conn., and T/Sgt W. O. Thomas, Chicago. 24 Jan 1945 (NARA Signal Corps)
AF : It’s December 28, 2002, and this is an interview for the Veterans History Project. I’m talking to Mr Alvin K. Dickson. Mr Dickson was born in Canton, Ohio, on March 18, 1918 and served in the US Army (11th Armored Division). He was a first lieutenant (Aug 1942 to Sep 1945).
1/Lt Alvin K. Dickson
11th US Armored Division
The 11th Armored Division landed in Normandy on Dec 16 1944 and was assigned to contain the enemy in the Lorient Pocket. The German counteroffensive along the Belgian border resulted in a forced march to the Department of the Meuse (France) and the defense of a 30-mile sector from Givet to Sedan, on Dec 23 1944. Launching an attack from Neufchâteau (Belgium), Dec 30, the 11-AD defended the highway to Bastogne against fierce assault. The division acted as spearhead of a wedge into the enemy line, and its junction with the 1st Army at Houffalize, Jan 16 1945, created a huge trap. After the liquidation of the Bulge, the Siegfried Line was pierced, Lützkampen falling Feb 7, Großkampenberg Feb 17, and Roscheid Feb 20 1945. After a brief rest, the division crossed the Prüm and the Kyll River, taking Gerolstein and Nieder Bettingen against violent opposition. Andernach and Bröhl fell Mar 9, in the sweep to the Rhine River. In the swing southward to clear the Saar-Moselle-Rhine pocket, the Moselle River was crossed at Bullay and the Worms Airport captured, Mar 21. After rest and maintenance, the division drove across the Rhine at Oppenheim, took Hanau and Fulda, and headed for the Thuringian Forest, reaching Oberhof, Apr 3. The offensive raced through Bavaria, Coburg falling on Mar 10, Bayreuth Mar 14. In the final drive, the division crossed the Regen River, Apr 24, overran Grafenau and Freyung, and plunged toward the Danube River, seizing Rohrbach, Neufelden, and Zwettl. The enemy put up its last fanatical resistance along the approaches to Linz, Austria, but the 11-AD entered the city on May 5. Pushing onward, elements contacted Soviet forces, May 8 and became the first unit of the 3A, to meet the Russian armies. The war in Europe officially ended on May 8 1945, and the 11-AD was placed on occupational duty until inactivation on Aug 31 1945.