Operations : 1st Plat, B Co, 401st Glider Infantry
101st Airborne Division, Bastogne, Belgium, Dec 25 1944
(Personal Experience of a Platoon Leader)
Capt John T. O’Halloran
In late autumn of 1944, as the Allied Armies approached the formidable defenses of Western Germany, Allied strategy for penetrating these defenses was molded. The Allies would continue the offensive, striking the enemy at the Ruhr and Saar. In carrying out these separate offensive thrusts it would be necessary to hold thinly some sectors of the front in order to build up strength at the attack points. Before this decision was finally consummated, the Allied High Command carefully considered the capabilities of the enemy. It was felt by Gen Dwight D. Eisenhower, Supreme Allied Commander, that before Germany submitted to total defeat she would concentrate her every effort in an attempt to regain the initiative lost with the Allied landings in Normandy. The conclusion reached was that this attempt would, in all probability, be made in the Ardennes sector.
Headquarters 90th Infantry Division
After Action Report
As of June 1 1944, the 90-ID was disposed in marshaling areas as follows : the main body of the Division was stationed in the XXIX District, Western Base Section, located generally north and east of the cities of Cardiff and Newport, Wales. The Division’s residual elements were located at Bournemouth, England while Group A (composed of foot elements of the 1st and 3rd battalions 359-IR and 40 vehicles) was located at Camp Syon Abbey in Devonshire, England, and attached to the 4-ID. The 358-IR was stationed at Camp Llangattock, Wales; the RCT 9 (-) and the 90-Rcn Troop at Camp Court-Y-Gollen, Wales; the RCT 7, 344-FAB, B Co 315-MB, B Co 315-ECB at Camp Chepstow, Wales; and Division Headquarters, Division Artillery Headquarters, 345-FAB, Special Troops at Heath Camp, Cardiff, Wales; and 315-ECB and 315-MB (less 3 Companies) also at Heath Camp. The Division had completed its preparation for overseas movement to the coast of France and was in the midst of loading vehicles aboard motor transport ships.