35th Infantry Division Troops and Wrecked Flakpanzer 38(t), Tessy Sur Vire, France, 1944
Report of Action Against the Enemy, 137th Infantry Regiment, 35th Infantry Division
(1) In compliance with the provisions of Par 10 C3 AR 345-105, submitted below is report after action against the enemy for the 137th Infantry covering the period 1-31 October 1944.
October 1 1944
On the morning of Oct 1 1944, the 137-IR was opposed by strong German forces from a point midway between Pettoncourt and Chambrey on the Seille River northward to the edge of the Gremecey Forest. Northeast through the Gremecey Forest the 1st and 3rd Battalions of the 320-IR (35-ID) were in position, tying in with the 134-IR southeast of Fresnes. The 134th line extended west to Manhoue. Beyond them, across the Seille, was the 80-ID. On our right, the 4-AD was operating south of the Nancy – Saarbrucken Highway. The 133rd Engineers Combat Battalion remained in defensive position in our own sector, after being moved to the ridge east and south of Gremecey the previous day in repulsing the furious German attack in the direction of that town. Elements of the 6-AD had moved up from Corps reserve near Nancy, and went into an assembly area to the rear of the 137-IR, in preparation for a coordinated attack on the morning of Oct 1. Task Force Harris (6-AD) had the mission of attacking east from the vicinity of Pettoncourt to the line Chambrey – Bois de Chambrey.
Beginning November 1943, Peiper’s unit arrived on the Eastern Front, where it took part in combat in the area of Zhytomyr. On Nov 20, Georg Schönberger was killed in action, and Peiper took his place as commander of the 1. SS Panzer Regiment, a position he held until the end of the war. Peiper was 28 years old. Under his command, the regiment fought through the winter and was engaged in numerous night assaults against the Red Army. His Panzer unit played an essential role in stalling the Soviet offensive in the area of Zhytomyr. Peiper led actions by attacking the rear of enemy lines and captured four division headquarters. For this action he was awarded the Oak Leaves of the Knight’s Cross. Peiper’s aggressiveness and regiment command appointment caused resentment by some against him. In the mean time, brutal combat involving his unit continued. On December 5 and 6 1943, the unit killed 2280 Russian soldiers and took only three prisoners. During heavy fighting, the village of Pekartschina was completely burned with flamethrowers and its inhabitants killed. On Jan 20 1944, Peiper was withdrawn from the front. He left his unit and went directly to Hitler’s Headquarters where he was awarded the Oak Leaves to be added to his Knight’s Cross. Shortly afterwards, on his 29th birthday, Peiper was promoted to SS-Obersturmbannführer. However, Peiper was physically and mentally exhausted. A medical examination carried out by SS doctors in Dachau reached the conclusion that he needed rest. Therefore, he went to see his wife in Bavaria. In March 1944, the LSSAH was withdrawn from the Eastern Front. The transfer of all its units was not completed before May 24. Peiper joined his unit in April. The battles in the east had caused heavy losses of men and material. The new recruits were not of the same caliber as the pre-war volunteers, who’d been recruited according to strict criteria. In Belgium, five young recruits accused of stealing poultry and ham from civilians were sentenced to death by a court-martial. The verdict seemed out of proportion to the offense, especially when looking at similar cases. Peiper ordered the five shot on May 28 1944 and had the other young recruits marched past the corpses; but the executions actually had a negative impact on the morale of the regiment. The stay in the Belgian Limburg was devoted mainly to drills and refit, made more difficult due to the lack of material and gasoline.
Combat Report about Fox Company
134th Infantry Regiment
35th, Infantry Division
France : reduction of a salient in Han and Fossieux
September 29, 1944
(Personal Experience of a Cannon Company Platoon Leader)
Capt Donald F. Bairaclough
XIX TAC – 12000 Sorties 1944 12.000 Fighter and Bomber Sorties, XIX Tactical Air Command’s First Month of Operations in Support of the US Third Army in France.
Notes on Organization, Tactics, and Technique
Missions of the XIX Tactical Air Command
The Background, In Brief
Air Operations Day by Day
Five Accompanying Maps
Annex : Map Showing Location of Units
Lt Gen George S. Patton Jr, US Third Army, Brig Gen C. P. Wetland, Commanding XIX Tactical Air Command