84-ID (K-334), Prummern, November 1944

Operations of K Co, 334th Infantry, 84th Infantry Division
near Prummern, Germany, November 23 – November 24 1944

(Rhineland Campaign)
(Personal Experience of a Company Commander)
Capt Eldridge C. Dudley

INTRODUCTION

This report covers the operations of K Co, 334th Infantry, 84th Infantry Division in the attack on and subsequent withdrawal from fortified positions near Prummern, Germany Nov 23d to Nov 24th 1944 during the November offensive. In order for the reader to fully appreciate its significance, it will be necessary to discuss briefly the main events which preceded this action.

In early June 1944 the Allied Forces of Canada, Great Britain and the United States successfully invaded the northern coast of France. On Aug 15 the Seventh US Army and the French First Army effected a landing on the southern coast of France. Paris was liberated on Aug 28 and by Sept 4, the sorely needed port of Antwerp had fallen. Aachen, the first large German city to be captured, surrendered on Oct 21. Thus, the early part of November found the allied armies poised generally along the line of the German west wall prepared to strike again, this time toward the heart of the enemy homeland.

The 84th Infantry Division left the United States on Sept 20 1944 and by Nov 1, after a brief stay in England, was trekking its way across France destined to join the Ninth US Army for a part in the November offensive. After arriving in the combat zone in the 84th Division was first introduced to combat under the operational control of XXX British Corps (Nov 18-22 1944) for the purpose of eliminating the Geilenkirchen salient’s which lay astride the boundary of the US Ninth and the British 2nd armies.

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84-ID, 171-ECB, Roer River Crossing (Linnich Germany)

Duren-Germany-1944-Building-Bridges

Engineer’s Report of the Roer River crossing at Linnich, Germany
Scope : A report of the planning, preparation, and crossing phases in which the 171st Engineer Combat Bn, XIII Corps, was involved while in direct support of the 84th Infantry Division in its assault crossing of the Roer River at Linnich, Germany. Period covered : Dec 2 1944 to Feb 24 1945; Lt Col Charles R. Keasy
171st Engineer Combat Battalion, Commanding

Linnich-Germany

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7-AD (Actions in Germany), 1-16 Dec 1944

464-ORD-9A-Geilenkirchen-Dec-1944

Subject : After Action Report, 7th Armored Division
Period 1-16 December, 1944
To : Adjutant General, Washington, 25, DC (Thru Channels)

Situation

After nearly a month of rest, training, and maintenance, the 7th Armored Division was in position astride the Holland – German – Belgian borders in the general vicinity of Heerlen-NL to Geilenkirchen-GER, preparatory to participating in the 9th Army’s drive deeper into Germany. The division itself remained in the XIII Corps reserve although component units were committed under attachment to other divisions. During the first half of the month, the division moved East of the Wurm River and prepared to attack to the East, Northeast, or North. Extensive plans were formulated for the seizure of Brachelen-GER, but all operations beyond the Roer River, were dependent upon the seizure or destruction of the Roer River Dams, South of Düren-GER. In German hands, these dams could be used to flood the entire Roer River Valley, and cut off or destroy any forces therein. Unsuccessful attempts to destroy these dams by aerial bombardment were made each day that the weather permitted, starting on December 3 1944. The combat forces of the division were in Germany awaiting destruction of the dams when, on December 16, the entire division was alerted to move into the area of the VIII Corps of the 1st Army. Early in the morning of December 17, the first elements of the division began the move southward. Upon arrival in the new area, CCB-7AD, established a defensive line to the East of St Vith-BE. CCA-7AD, and, CCR-7AD took up positions in the vicinity of Beho-BE and South of Recht-BE, respectively. Little definite information was obtainable about the situation and the movement forward was delayed by the traffic of retreating troops that jammed the roads.

WLA-Palenburg-Oct1944

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