M-1 Cal 30.06 Rifle (Garand)
The M-1 Garand (designated as US rifle, caliber .30, M-1) is a semi-automatic rifle chambered for the .30-06 Springfield rifle cartridge. It was the first standard-issue semi-automatic rifle. Called the greatest battle implement ever devised by Gen George S. Patton, the Garand officially replaced the bolt-action M-1903 Springfield as the standard service rifle of the United States Armed Forces in 1936 and was subsequently replaced by the selective-fire M-14, starting in 1957. During World War II, the M-1 gave US forces a distinct advantage in firefights against their Axis enemies, as their standard-issue K-98 Mauser Carbine were more effective than the Axis’ slower-firing bolt-action carbine. The M-1 continued to be used in large numbers until 1963 and to a lesser degree until 1976. Like its predecessor, the M-1 originated from the Springfield Armory.
The M-1 is an air-cooled, gas-operated, clip-fed, semi-automatic, shoulder-fired weapon. This means that the air cools the barrel; that the power to cock the rifle and chamber the succeeding round comes from the expanding gas of the round fired previously; that it is loaded by inserting an en-bloc 8 rounds metal clip into the receiver; and that the rifle fires one round each time the trigger is pulled. After the eight rounds have been shot, the empty clip automatically ejects with an audible “ping” noise. The M-1 was the standard issue service rifle of the US forces during World War II, during the Korean War, and even, in limited extent, during the Vietnam War. Most M-1 rifles were issued to US forces, though many thousands were also lent or provided as foreign aid to America’s allies. The Garand is still used by drill teams and military honor guards.