644th Tank Destroyer Battalion – Battle of the Bulge

645TD_M10_44

PantherLogo_260px644th Tank Destroyer Battalion
Operations in the Ardennes

Introduction
The 644th Tank Destroyer Battalion (SP)(Self Propelled) commanded by Lt Col Ephriam F. Gaham, sailed from the USA on January 2 1944, on board of the HMT Aquitania. The battalion landed in northern Ireland on January 13 and there continued its training with emphasis placed on indirect fire. The 644-TDB left the USA equipped with the 3 inch (76.2-MM) motor gun carriage, M-10, the vehicle it retained throughout its operations in Europe. On May 10 the battalion moved to Hungerford, England, where, along with more training, preparations were made for the move to the Normandy Peninsula. On July 11, the major part of the battalion moved across the English Channel while the remainder of the unit, under the control of its executive officer, Maj Edward R. Garton, landed also on Utah Beach one day later. On July 15, the 644-TDB was attached to the 8th Infantry Division and although elements of the battalion were from time to time attached to other divisions, the battalion itself remained so attached until early December 1944.

644-001

Continue reading

Average Rating
0 out of 5 stars. 0 votes.

Defenses in Schmidt (Huertgen)(Germany) 3rd Bn, 112-RTC (28-ID)

Map-Schmidt-German-Counterattack-Nov-4-1944


The Huertgen Forest – Description


Known as the Huertgenwald to the Germans and to the Huertgen Forest to the Allies this area was one of the largest wooded tracts in Germany. It is located on the Belgian – German border and was part of the northern portion of the Ardennes region of Belgium, Luxembourg and the Eifel region of Germany. It is about 35 kilometers (23 miles) in length located between the southern part of Aachen – Brand in the north to the northern part of Simmerath – Monschau to the south. In wide, the area is about 40 kilometers (27 miles) from Roetgen, along the Belgian – German border in the west to Kreuzau – Düren in the east.

Continue reading

Average Rating
0 out of 5 stars. 0 votes.

5307 (C)-(P), Merril’s Marauders, Walawbum, Burma, Mar 1944

Merrills_MaraudersOperations of the 5307 Composite Unit, Provisional, (Merril’s Marauders) in Walawbum, Burma, March 2 to March 7 1944, China – Burma – India Campaign
Maj John K. Eney

Orientation & Introduction
This monograph covers the operations of the 5307 Composite Unit (Provisional) on its first mission, the attack on Walawbum, Burma, March 2-7 1944. To orient the reader, it is necessary to briefly review the major events which led up to this action. In Jan 1942, after overrunning nearly all of southeast Asia, the Japanese struck at Burma. In rapid succession, the Japanese took the city of Moulmein, the port of Rangoon, the rail heads of Mandalay, and Myitkyina and the Burma Road. The enemy’s rapid advance and numerical superiority proved too great for the Allies and all resistance crumbled. A general withdrawal was effected and the Allies retreated west into India and northeast into China. By midsummer of 1943 the Japanese had consolidated their gains and were in complete control of all but a small wedge of territory in northwest Burma. This now placed the enemy in the singular position of threatening the exposed eastern border of India as well as cutting the Chinese land supply routes. All attempts by the Allies to alter this situation had been unsuccessful.

5307-001

Continue reading

Average Rating
0 out of 5 stars. 0 votes.