Maria Prokopenko, memories about Valentina Levikova

Roza-Shanina-(19)-Soviet-Sniper-59-confirmed-killsDuring World War Two, the Soviet Partisans were members of a Resistance Movement which fought a guerrilla war against the Axis troops occupation of their countries. The movement was coordinated and controlled by the Soviet Government and modeled on that of the Red Army. The primary objective of the guerrilla warfare waged by the Soviet partisan units was the disruption of the Eastern Front’s German rear, especially road and rail communications. There were also regular military formations, also called partisans, that were used to conduct long-range reconnaissance patrol missions behind enemy lines from bases within Soviet-held territory. The program Partisan at War was outlined in the Soviet People’s Commissaries Council and the Communist Party directives issued on July 29 1941. Partisan detachments and diversionist groups were to be formed in the German-occupied territories, road and telecommunications disrupted, German personnel killed, and valuable resources destroyed. Joseph Stalin, in his radio speech on August 3 1941, iterated these commands and directives to the people. Adolf Hitler, when referring to that speech on August 16 pointed out that the declared partisan war in the German rear had its advantages, providing the excuse for destroying “anything that opposes to the Germans”. The first partisan detachments, consisting of Red Army personnel and local inhabitants, and commanded by Red Army officers or local Communist Party activists, were formed in the first days of the war, including the Starasyel’ski detachment of Maj Dorodnykh in the Zhabinka District on June 23 1941, followed by the Pinsk detachment of Vasily Korzh on June 26 1941. The first awards of the Hero of the Soviet Union order occurred on August 6 1941 to a member of the Pavlovskiy Detachment and the Bumazhkov Detachment.

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WW-1 Propaganda USA Posters

During World War I, the impact of the poster as a means of communication was greater than at any other time during history. The ability of posters to inspire, inform, and persuade combined with vibrant design trends in many of the participating countries to produce thousands of interesting visual works. The European Center of Military History makes available online posters created between 1914 and 1920. Most relate directly to the First World War. The majority of the posters were printed in the United States. Posters from Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands and Russia are included as well. The posters range in style from anonymous broadsides (predominantly text) to graphically vibrant works by well-known designers. EUCMH acquired these posters through gift, purchase, and exchange or transfer from other collectors, and continues to add to the collection.

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Battery C, 306th Field Arty, 77th Division (US)(WW-1)


AEF 77-ID C Bat/306-FA 1917-1918 Published in 1920 by John Forster
In Memoriam : John D. Wallace, Thomas Martin, Nirano DeFelice, Samuel L. Brody
Robert Valverde : Chief Historian, JVL Morris : Father of History, Schuyler King : Society Editor, John Foster : Impressionist, Leonard Hanower : Counsellor, Rozel Peter : Stenographer, Wilson and Hazelette Inc : Criminal Reporters

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1944 with an Original Varga Pinups’ Calendar


Born in Arequipa, Peru, Joaquin Alberto Vargas y Chávez moved to the USA in 1916 after studying art in Europe in Zurich and Geneva prior to World War I. While he was in Europe he came upon the French magazine La Vie Parisienne, with a cover by Raphael Kirchner, which he said was a great influence on his work. Alberto was the son of noted Peruvian photographer Max T. Vargas.
brise-of-mayHis early career in New York included work as an artist for the Ziegfeld Follies and for many Hollywood studios. Ziegfeld hung his painting of Olive Thomas at the theater, and she was thought of as one of the earliest Vargas Girls. Vargas’ most famous piece of film work was for the poster of the 1933 film The Sin of Nora Moran, which shows a near-naked Zita Johann in a pose of desperation. The poster is frequently named one of the greatest movie posters ever made. Alberto Vargas became widely noted in the 1940s as the creator of iconic World War II era pin-ups for Esquire magazine known as “Vargas Girls.” The nose art of many American and Allied World War II aircraft was inspired and adapted from these Esquire pin-ups, as well those of George Petty, and other artists.

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Medical Detachment, 394th Infantry, 99th Infantry Division

150px-US_99th_Infantry_Division.svgOn December 16 1944, at 0500, the Germans began the northern part of their counter-offensive with a massive, 90-minute artillery barrage using 1600 artillery pieces across a 80 miles front on the Allied troops facing the 6. SS Panzer Army. The Americans’ initial impression was that this was the anticipated, localized counterattack resulting from the Allies’ recent attack in the Wahlerscheid sector to the north, where the 2nd Infantry Division had knocked a sizable dent in the Siegfried Line. In the northern sector Dietrich’s 6. SS Panzer was held up for almost 24 hours by a single reconnaissance platoon and four US Forward Artillery Observers dug in on a ridge overlooking a key road intersection in the village of Lanzerath.

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US Army Air Force’s Stations, World War Two, European Theater


Army Air Force Stations

This article is a republication of the Guide to the Stations where US Army Air Forces Personnel served in the United Kingdom and on the Continent During World War II.
Initially compiled and published by : Captain Barry J. Anderson, US Air Force, this one was corrected and encoded by Gunter G. Gillot Jr for the European Center of Military History.

(Photo source and credit : Scott Slocum)

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April 18 1942, The Doolittle’s Raid on Japan, 1942

Doolittle Raid
Doolittle’s Pilot Lt Col Richard “Dick” Cole with the original April 1942 B-25J Panchito (Plane #01 S/N #402244, 34th Bomber Sq), at Charlotte County Airport in Punta Gorda, Florida on Friday, March 25, 2011. © 2011 Robert Seale (Source :

The Doolittle Raid of April 18, 1942, was the first air raid by the United States to strike the Japanese home islands during World War II. The mission was notable in that it was the only operation in which United States Army Air Forces bombers were launched from a US Navy aircraft carrier. It was the longest combat mission ever flown by the B-25 Mitchell medium bomber.
This raid had its start in a desire by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, expressed to the Joint Chiefs of Staff in a meeting at the White House on Dec 21 1941, that Japan be bombed as soon as possible to boost public morale after the disaster at Pearl Harbor. The Japanese people had been told they were invulnerable … An attack on the Japanese homeland would cause confusion in the minds of the Japanese people and sow doubt about the reliability of their leaders. There was a second, and equally important, psychological reason for this attack … Americans badly needed a morale boost. Doolittle, later in his autobiography, recounted that the raid was intended to bolster American morale and to cause the Japanese to begin doubting their leadership, in which it succeeded.

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US WW-2 Tanks & Armors

General-George-S-Patton-JrWho better than General George S. Patton Jr can be the American officer who would represent the US Armored Force, the use of the US Armored Force and finally the Spiritual Father of the US Armored Force ?
During and immediately after World War Two, German officers offered Patton mostly faint praise. During the late 40’s, looking back on events with distance and perspective, German officers developed an appreciation for Patton. Hermann Balck for example (wartime General der Panzertruppe who was awarded the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds), who had expressed thanks for Patton’s mistakes in France, said years later, “Patton was the outstanding tactical genius of World War II. I still consider it a privilege and unforgettable experience to have had the honor of opposing him.” Whatever Patton’s enemies thought of him and his battles, in the end he and the other Allied chieftains won and their enemies lost. Field commanders were only one factor in determining that outcome, but they were an important one.
Patton deserves his status as a legendary leader—but posterity deserves fact and not myth. The Germans did not track Patton’s movements as the key to Allied intentions. Hitler does not appear to have thought often of Patton, if at all. The Germans considered Patton a hesitant commanding general in the scrum of position warfare. They never raised his name in the context of worthy strategists. But they respected him in their own demanding terms as a great Panzer General.

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