551-PIB & 517-PIR (82-A/B) Trois-Ponts, January 2/7 1945

Note : this archive is published under 551-PIB Trois-Ponts 01/45 and 517-PIR Trois-Ponts 01/45

Pfc-Martin-325GIRDecember 23 1944, somewhere in the snow, Belgium, while an entire Armored Division, the 7th Armored and part of another one, the 9th Armored, was retreating trough the 82nd Airborne Division’s MLR, a sergent in a Tank Destroyer spotted an American GI digging a foxhole. This soldier, Pfc Martin (325-GIR/82ABD)(see picture left), locked up and asked : “Are you, looking for a safe place ?” “Yeah !!!” answered the tanker. “Well, buddy”, drawled Martin … “Just pull your tank behind me, … I am the 82nd Airborne and this place is as far as the bastards are going !”

551st Parachute Infantry Battalion and 517th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 82nd Airborne Division, in the Vicinity of Trois Ponts, Belgium, January 2 to January 7 1945

On Dec 16 1944 the Germans attacked through the lightly held Eiffel & Ardenne sectors with Army Group B, under the command of Field Marshal Walter Model. Army Group B was composed of the Fifth and Sixth Panzer Armies and the newly reorganized Seventh Army. This blow was aimed at the Liège – Namur – Anvers area and it was delivered with such terrific force and surprise that the four American Divisions in that sector were quickly overrun or driven back. The German Armies then proceeded north and west almost unchecked. Units from the 2nd British Army, Ninth US Army (9A), First US Army (1A), Third US Army (3A), and the (1AAA) First Allied Airborne Army were quickly rushed to the threatened area and by December 27 the German offensive had been stopped and the Allied position was stabilized. The blow had split the Twelfth Army Group (12AG) into two parts making control by Gen Omar H. Bradley all but impossible. Recognizing this situation, Gen Dwight D. Eisenhower fixed a boundary running east and west through the breach from Givet (FR) to Prüm (GER). All forces north of this boundary were placed under the command of Field Marshal Sir Bernard L. Montgomery while Gen Bradley retained command of that part of the 12AG south of this boundary. Field Marshal Montgomery’s forces included the First Canadian Army, the Second British Army, the Ninth US Army, and the First US Army reinforced with portions of the First Allied Airborne Army (XVIII Corps – Airborne).

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7-AD (203-AAA-AW (SP)) Belgium December 1944

Note : this publication has been made to allow this photo set to get back under the light. Thanks to M. George Schreiner to share these wonderful images with the EUCMH’s community. M. Schreiner didn’t ask nor request any copyright but I am requesting – should you want to re-use one of these photos to credit EUCMH in due form. Thank you.
Should identify one of these places – drop me a line (gunter@eucmh.com)

My name is George Schreiner. My Grandfather’s name was Michael Milton Regula. He was a Sergent in the 203rd AAA (7th Armored Division). He was in charge of two half tracks. While in France, on their first mission they went into a house in Cherbourg, France. They were apprehensive about what they might find inside. When they entered, the only inhabitant was a small dog. They named him “Bubby”. He became their mascot and traveled with them throughout the European campaign.

Halle, Belgium, January, 1945 : Mike fraternizing with lovely Belgian Ladies.

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193rd Glider (17-A/B) Sibret, 12/1944


Historical Record of Events for the 193rd Glider Infantry Regiment, Period : December 19 1944 to February 3 1945, to : Commanding General 17th Airborne Division

December 19, the regiment received alert orders for Air Landing operation to France. The regiment cleared in Marshalling Area at Membury Airfield (UK) during the night of December 21. The Seaborne Echelon departed Camp Chiseldon (UK) December 21, arrived in Le Havre, France, December 22, thence to Mourmelon (France) on December 25, where the advanced Command Post was established. Movement by air from England to France began on December 24 with 2/193 Combat Team plus 1/2 Regimental Headquarters leaving on that date. 1/193 Combat Team, with remainder of Regimental Headquarters departed on December 26. The regiment arrived at airstrip A-79, near Prosnes-Prunay, France, and immediately moved to Camp at Mourmelon-le-Grand.

December 26 (morning), 2/193-CT, with advance echelon of Regimental Headquarters, was ordered to move to Charleville (France) and with the 392nd Engineer Combat Battalion attached, to effect plans for defending the west bank of the Meuse River. The move was accomplished during the day. The remainder of the regiment followed during the night of Dec 26/27 and Regimental Command Post was opened at Charleville (France). This Regiment, with the 392nd Engineer Combat Battalion attached, was given the mission of defending the west bank of the Meuse River within its sector.

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1/506-PIR (101-A/B) Carentan and Vicinity

Operations of the 1st Bn, 506th Prcht Inf Regt, 101st Airborne Division June 6/8 1944, Carentan and Vicinity, (Personal Experience of a Company Commander), Maj Knut H. Raudstein

The operations of a Parachute Battalion in the Normandy Campaign is an unusual subject for military study for several reasons :

    (a) The missions assigned to the airborne units participating in the campaign were successfully accomplished despite an initial operational fiasco.
    (b) The pre-invasion prediction of Air Chief Marshal Leigh-Mallory that the operation was so hazardous that it was doomed to failure was not confirmed.
    (c) While the Normandy campaign entailed the first large scale use of airborne troops, the actual number of troops seizing the objectives was relatively small.

This archive relates to the operations of the 1st Battalion of the 506th Parachute Infantry, 101st Airborne Division, from D Day to D plus 2 in the seizure of a beachhead on the Cotentin Peninsula near Carentan, France, during the Normandy Campaign in June of 1944. The operations of this battalion can be considered typical of the other participating parachute battalions. Its esprit de corps was high; its pre-combat training had been intensive; its troops were properly imbued with the will to close with and destroy the enemy; and its missions were accomplished with similar difficulties and degrees of success.

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106-ID, December 1944, Belgium, (Summary)

After Action Report

  • 81st Engineer (C) Battalion Report
  • 106th Division Artillery Report
  • 106th Division Special Troops Report
  • 331st Medical Battalion Report
  • 424th Infantry Regiment Report
  • G-1 Report
  • G-2 Report
  • G-3 Report
  • G-4 Report

The commanding officers and staffs of the 422nd Infantry Regiment, 423rd Infantry Regiment and the 106th Reconnaissance Troop are missing in action. Their records are presumed to have been destroyed and are not available. The action of these units is covered, but not completely, in the reports and journals of the General Staff Sections. The 14th Cavalry Group was attached to the division from December 11, (1900) to December 18, (1300). Its action, in part, during this period is included in the reports and journals of the General Staff Sections. After December 18, (1300), it was attached to the 7th Armored Division.

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326-AMC (101-A/B) Bastogne, December 1944

326th Airborne Medical Company
101st Airborne Division
During the Defense of Bastogne

The 326th Airborne Medical Company was alerted on Dec 17 1944 and ordered to move by motor convoy from Camp Mourmelon (FR) to the vicinity of Bastogne, (BE) to provide the second echelon medical care and evacuation for the Division. The personnel and equipment of the company was loaded and moved out, crossing the IP at 2000 Dec 18 1944, arriving after a night march at the destination by 1000 Dec 19 1944. The Division Clearing Station of the 326-AMC was immediately set up near Herbaimont, (BE) and began receiving patients by 1100 Dec 19. The CO, Maj William E. Barfield, and Lt Col David Gold, Division Surgeon, made a reconnaissance and contacted the CO of the 64th Medical Group to arrange for the evacuation of the wounded from the Division Clearing Station to the 107th Evacuation Hospital which was located at Libin, (BE) and at the same time secured added ambulance support from that organization.

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